Endometriosis is considered one of the top 20 most painful disorders affecting 10% of women in their reproductive years. It is a condition where the uterine lining or endometrium gets displaced outside of the uterus. The endometrium outside of the uterus continues to react to natural hormone changes with a women's cycle and can cause sever pain, discomfort and inflammation. It is one of the leading causes of infertility and it has no known cure. However, there are treatments and medications that effectively reduce the symptoms of endometriosis. Are you or someone you love suffering from symptoms of endometriosis? Contact us today and we can talk about the best treatment options for you.
The first stage of endometriosis is sometimes mistaken for cysts or even ovarian cancer because of its superficial implants that resemble small, flat patches or flecks on the pelvic surface. These implants cause irritation and inflammation in the surrounding tissue causing internal scar tissue known as adhesions to immobilize tissues and organs that normally would move freely. When these tissues are no longer free to move, pain and dysfunction result.
The second stage of endometriosis builds upon the attributes of stage one. The adhesions grow in intensity often causing pelvic pain and/or irritation during ovulation. Adhesions also appear in the area between the uterus and the rectum, known as the rectouterine pouch. Black spots may also cover the adhesions.
In stage 3, endometriomas, start to appear in the pelvic cavity. If these cysts rupture, or break open, it can cause intense abdominal pain and inflammation. This pain an inflammation can then cause more adhesions. As endometriomas grow in number and size, more adhesions form in response.
This final stage of endometriosis can see endometriomas grow very large, from the size of a grape to the size of a softball (cysts this large will most likely need to be removed by surgery). Cysts will also form on the rectum and back wall of the uterus which will often result in digestive problems which may include constipation, painful bowel movements, abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting.